California National Historic Trail - NV



The promise of rich farmland, escape from crowded cities in the east, and gold, lured between 250,000 and 500,000 emigrants from the eastern United States to the west between the 1840s and 1870s. These adventuresome people crossed over mountains and plains, following rivers on foot, horseback, or in ox-drawn covered wagons. They traveled over 2000 miles, through ten states, taking months to get from Kansas or Missouri to California, running into all kinds of obstacles, from floods, wagons breaking down, illness, and losing their way, to conflicts with Native Americans. This is the greatest migration of people in American history.


The California National Historic Trail travels through California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, Oregon, Utah and Wyoming and is the route over 250,000 emigrants took on their way to the gold fields and farmlands of California from 1840s to the 1850s. Signs of this mass migration are still visible along the trail.

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